A difficult task, then, is the decolonizing one of conceptual transformation, where along with new concepts could also be new relationships by which to forge a different future and different forms of life. This book compares workfare policies in the United States and 'active labor policies' in Western Europe that are aimed primarily at the long-term unemployed, unemployed youth, lone parents, immigrants and other vulnerable groups often referred to collectively as the 'socially excluded'. When applying intersectional theory in relation to health-risks, the theoretical conceptualization of health and risk are often very limited and treated as fixed categories — something that becomes problematic when taken within an intersectional framework. Le Grand, 2003; Deacon, 2005; White, 2013. The author argues that the transition to a knowledge-based economy and the rise of activation policies have put the adaption of abilities and competences of individuals at the centre of political conflicts and debates. In much of the developed world, a class of working poor has emerged. The last section of the chapter describes the Western European experience, including the administration of workfare programmes and effects on clients.
Globalization trends have resulted in the proliferation of actors who shape politics worldwide, from national governments to various inter- national political and economic actors, global civil society proponents and alter-globalization movements. It is generally acknowledged that this amounts to a new balance between rights and responsibilities, particularly in the case of young persons. When apartment residents cannot bear normal sound, defined by the two modes of governance, they become abnormal listeners. Yet such empirical findings seem to have little effect in the debate surrounding the face veil. Series Title: Responsibility: Joel F. Using four relative poverty lines 30 percent, 40 percent, 50 percent and 60 percent of median household income adjusted for family size , this piece of research illustrates that there is considerable variation in the degree people are lifted up the income scale by means-tested benefits.
From United Kingdom to U. The lifestyle approach leads to regional inequalities in accessing public assistance, because some of the terms, which define the quality of life, are too ambiguous. The work shows the organizational change, the improved relational capacity and the institutional growth following this experience. Such a practice creates problems of administrative simplicity at the edges of such categories and, as a consequence, some people miss out. This book compares workfare policies in the United States and 'active labor policies' in Western Europe that are aimed primarily at the long-term unemployed, unemployed youth, lone parents, immigrants and other vulnerable groups often referred to collectively as the 'socially excluded'.
The issue seemed to fall out of thin air, as the estimated 200 to 300 face veil wearers in Belgium had never caused any noticeable trouble. The results of this analysis show a considerable variation in the degree means-tested benefits can actually protect people from poverty. This article provides new evidence about the construction of just social minimums by analysing the relationship between social assistance, benefit adequacy, and labour market activation. My co-editor Jane Gordon and I received much rancor, for instance, from some critics for challenging this sacred tenet of black critical thought in our anthology Not Only the Master's Tools: African-American Studies in Theory and Practice 2006. In doing so, the intersectional perspective articulates more clearly the connection between the social construction of risk and, on the one hand, the reproduction of new and complex social inequalities and, on the other, intersections of social class, gender, ethnicity and other social categorisations. Despite differences in ideology and practice, Joel Handler argues that there are also significant similarities between the U.
Stepping up job search requirements and sanctions for failure to meet them was presented as a public intervention that helps unemployed individuals return from dependency to autonomy. En gran medida, este revival académico ha priorizado las dimensiones políticas y civiles de la misma sobreseyendo otras de gran importancia. But it is the intersection of disability and unemployment that has consistently created the most angst. Scholars have conceptualised diverse notions of citizenship and applied various adjectives to the term: for example, social citizenship Handler, 2004 ; scientific citizenship Irwin, 2001 ; biological citizenship Petryna, 2002; Rose, 2009 ; green citizenship Dean, 2001 ; and environmental citizenship Dobson, 2007. Whereas such strong position against face veiling may have been expected in France, where in 2004 the wearing of headscarves in public schools had already been prohibited, by contrast, in the Netherlands such a ban was without any related precedent and all the more unexpected for that. I argue that current policies of inclusion necessarily exclude. This helps to determine the local conditions and support innovations required for innovations to unfold, blossom and become part of changing local welfare systems in various ways.
Marshall himself was trying to bring social democrat and liberal regime ideologies together in his conceptualization; yet claiming in favour of liberal democracies is his chiefly misleading argument Handler 2004. In this contribution, I start with a brief summary that traces how face veiling has emerged in the Netherlands as an issue that has evoked strong anxieties. This book challenges that assumption. The European welfare states: social citizenship in the golden age; The challenge of unemployment; The impact on labor; Vulnerable groups: the socially excluded; Poverty; Right, center and left - questioning the welfare state; The 'third way': from status to contract; 4. The author traces the development of this notion from Roman law, which never accepted it, through mediaeval canon law which did, to the role of the state in modern societies as the guarantor of promises. In the middle of this general trend, Volkswagen in Germany set a countermodel: by introducing the four-day workweek, it redistributed work in the existing workforce, increased the sense of solidarity, and avoided layoffs. Es soll gezeigt werden, dass die Vereinbarungen zwischen Bürgern und Sozialverwaltung zwar noch selten sind, die Eingliederungsvereinbarung aber ein wesentliches, ja notwendiges Element dieser Politik ist.
Drawing on extensive empirical material from two rural localities, the paper shows that, due to decentralisation, large variations exist in the ways the programme is implemented locally. Sonic knowledge is, therefore, vital to the construction of sonic citizenship. Esto afecta particularmente a la inclusión social, sometida a una reconsideración sustancial desde un punto de vista no productivista. Examines strategies for reform and concludes with an argument for basic income guarantee. Secondly, for liberal regimes, individually held rights are the main focus, while social democratic and conservative approach main concerns are individuals' commitment or the responsibilities for society Dwyer 2004. Many people with severe impairments are guaranteed an income. At the Human Rights Centre of Ghent University we started with traditional legal research, detailing how and why the proposed ban would violate the European Convention on Human Rights Vrielink et al.
Condition as new, square and tight book, spine not creased, no edgewear. The main part of this contribution then focuses on how the narratives of women who, at the time, engaged in face veiling, relate to assumptions about face veiling in public and political debate. Dies soll an Hand einer Auswertung der umfangreichen Ergebnisse zur Evaluation der sog. On some points, national versions of these policies are also found due to country-specific citizenship traditions, integration philosophies and party political constellations. Other reforms made the labour market more flexible, and many part-time jobs were created. It is argued that lasting political attempts to shift the balance between solidarity and self-reliance in favor of the latter could weaken this moral infrastructure of the welfare state and, as a consequence, the statutory health insurance system could lose its plausibility and attraction. For all enquiries, please contact Herb Tandree Philosophy Books directly - customer service is our primary goal.
When family incomes are adjusted for child-ca;e costs, most single-mother families will continue to he poor even with greater earnings, the Earned Income Taw Credit, and food stamps. The findings pre-15 sented in this article underscore how class and gender are re-scripted as individual barriers by exhorting welfare-reliant women to become an entrepreneurial job seeker. It charts the development of a 'contract culture' across the global economy and the dominance of contract as the appropriate way of analysing relationships in society. The new welfare-to-work policies emphasised individual responsibility for securing employment. The affective discourse that undergirds parts of these regulatory processes is, consequently, understood as an anxiety over the potential loss of hegemony in defining the contours of the nation state.
Attention is given to information on the overall effects of welfare reform on recipients, the effects of time limits and sanctions, and how agencies have adapted to administer workfare programmes. Personen auf 21,5% gestiegen vgl. This poses a range of questions from a capability-oriented perspective. The author examines strategies for reform and concludes with an argument for a basic income guarantee. What Works Best for Whom: Impacts of 20 Welfare-to-work Programs by Subgroup', pp. This article shows how two different subjectivities promoted by neoliberal discourses-that of the entrepreneur and that of the docile workers-are interwoven 10 in the discourse of coaches leading employment readiness workshops conducted in a workfare program in Israel.