He keeps talking about public forums like parks as if they no longer exist, and that they are entirely avoidable, as if he has forgotten that people still live in cities. Nonetheless, there seems to be something quixotic about his effort to take on the Internet's ability to serve as an affiliation device and to promote the idea of government regulation as a means of causing the Internet to become more of a cyberspace public square, in which we necessarily have unexpected, and sometimes unwanted, encounters with divergent views and philosophies. I agree that deliberative democracy is important, and echochambers are tragic. In their place will arise only louder and ever more extreme echoes of our own voices, our own opinions. What is the democratic benefit of the Internet's unlimited choices if citizens narrowly limit the information they receive, creating ever-smaller niches and fragmenting the shared public conversation on which democracy depends? The book ends by suggesting a range of potential reforms to correct current misconceptions and to improve deliberative democracy and the health of the American republic.
Contents The daily me -- An analogy and an ideal -- Polarization and cybercascades -- Social glue and spreading information -- Citizens -- Blogs -- What's regulation? Most people take middle-positions on the issue. Economic growth is projected to remain strong at 7 percent next year and in the medium term. I'll leave you with some wise words from radio broadcaster : In times like these, it's helpful to remember that there have always been times like these. A lot of different takes on the subject are defensible—but as a reader, I rather wished Sunstein would pick one and stick with it. What I found most interesting, however, is Sunstein's sketch of a legal-historical framework in which to think about the ideas of free speech and democratic deliberation. Accordingly, this book argues that the citizen marketer approach is a means of promoting a wide range of political ideas, including those that are broadly critical of elite uses of marketing in capitalist societies. Newspapers and broadcasters helped create a shared culture, but as their role diminishes and the customization of our communications universe increases, society is in danger of fragmenting, shared communities in danger of dissolving.
This in turn makes it difficult to draw intelligent comparisons between the democratic role of online media and mass media without discussing the conditions under which the latter are produced—conditions that Sunstein repeatedly says are outside the scope of his essay. An interesting read for those who like politics, democracy, government, internet, and technology type books. Accordingly, for the paperback, Sunstein added an afterword in which he hailed the Web's wonders. It seems, then, that his concerns don't apply to people who have lives outside of the internet and gated communities. Featuring a broad range of topics such as online and face-to-face instruction, instructional design, and learning management system, this book is geared towards educators, professionals, school administrators, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on designing online music courses using a social constructivist framework. There's a very old debate over whether technological development shapes people's behavior or whether it's people's behavior that shapes the development of technology. I will also mention briefly that Sunstein offers an interesting discussion of the blogosphere in Chapter Six.
Now I am proving it. I am not a big a fan of Digg or Technorati as others but I use them from time to time indeed. He demonstrates that the real question is how to avoid information cocoons and to ensure that the unrestricted choices made possible by technology do not undermine democracy. Sunstein is an American legal scholar, particularly in the fields of constitutional law, administrative law, environmental law, and law and behavioral economics, who currently is the Administrator of the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Obama administration. Sunstein goes the way of Walter Lippmann, elitism, and filtering by the few for the many.
An effective government cannot bend to popular passions. ونشاركه في غرض التأليف العام وهو السعادة وفي الوسيلة الخاصة المؤدية إلى ذلك الغرض وهي الفضيلة ونافقه في أن الفضيلة تراد لذاتها ونتائجها. Nonetheless, there seems to be something quixotic about his effort to take on the Internet's ability to serve as an affiliation device and to promot I have taken to heart Professor Sunstein's admonition that we need to resist the enticement of the Internet to filter out views other than those we already hold and issues other than those we are already predisposed to consider. It isn't, Sunstein says, on the whole. To my mind, Sunstein has always been lucid and valuable on this topic. I will focus just on the criticisms for now. He argues that it is our very ability to wrap ourselves in our own tastes, views, and prejudices with the aid of technology that constitutes a real threat to the traditional democratic values.
He also investigates the way that the internet can entrench our false beliefs even deeper, and how the wish to conform, our natural biases and even our basic emotions can cause us to fall for untrue accounts. What is the benefit of the Internet's unlimited choices if citizens narrowly filter the information they receive? Sunstein makes a lot of good points on how the personalization of the internet can fragment a democratic society and ultimately threaten its freedom. Sunstein also offers a determined critique of the free-market and First Amendment absolutism that powers much Web advocacy and that sees all government regulations as evil invasions. Bibliographic references Includes bibliographical references p. Now that it's proven, I will summarize. A Plea 151 Chapter Eight: Freedom of Speech 165 Chapter Nine: Policies and Proposals 190 Chapter Ten: Republic.
He also demonstrates the need to regulate the innumerable choices made possible by technology. The global financial crisis followed on the heels of a massive terms-of-trade shock, leading to a sharp curtailment of foreign direct investment and private credit. I can do what I want! The last presidential campaign was an incredible effort the appealed to the consumer in citizens by providing a packaged brand. Domestic demand remains depressed as corporations and households focus on reducing excessive debts accumulated in the 2000s. .
What is the benefit of the Internet's unlimited choices if citizens narrowly filter the information they receive? How can that be bad? Tomorrow, our power to filter promises to increase exponentially. Sunstein also proposes new remedies and reforms--focusing far less on what government should do, and much more on what consumers and producers should do--to help democracy avoid the perils, and realize the promise, of the Internet. You've probably heard of this idea. It's such an appealing, if misleading, image: the World Wide Web as our new Wild, Wild West. The continuous assessment criterion on non-accumulation of external arrears was also missed and structural reform implementation was slower than expected. What is the benefit of the Internet's unlimited choices if citizens narrowly filter the information they receive? He argues that it is our very ability to wrap ourselves in our own tastes, views, and prejudices with the aid of technology that constitutes a real threat to the traditional democratic values. Sunstein, a professor at the University of Chicago Law School, is a real public intellectual.
But despite the Web's culture-changing successes - wiring up the economy, influencing presidential campaigns - many Web advocates and bloggers still act as though they're threatened. Even the lightest guidelines, in short, will be resented, particularly when our confusion of free markets with free speech has proved so profitable. But we're confusing the Web's individual license or, especially, its consumer bonanza with increased democracy. By its nature, Sunstein argues, the Web fragments us into ever-smaller niches. I am more sympathetic to Posner on this score. It's the notion that the more personalized our information universe gets, the less likely we are to encounter points of view unlike our own, the more comfortable we'll get that we're right in everything we think, and the more fragmented and polarized our society will become. Other interesting stuff lately is collaborative search filtering, i.
But we're confusing the Web's individual license or, especially, its consumer bonanza with increased democracy. Cass Sunstein first asked these questions in 2001's Republic. To my mind, Sunstein has always been lucid and valuable on this topic. There is much more to this provocative book. When they're not acting triumphalist, that is.