Standards enable libraries to achieve their goals through the sharing of resources and consistency of access Harris 2001, 526; McCallum 1996, 5—6. Outsourcing should be not a last resort but rather an option used to consider using to maximize the resources you have and use your precious human resources most wisely. They are in the best position to teach the primary users the latest techniques for the best search strategies. Instruction Like reference, this department interfaces directly with the end users, and, like reference, this collaboration is a two-way street. Multiple bibliographic records for each provider proved to be confusing to users and difficult for catalogers to maintain. This informative guide analyzes such topics as cooperative cataloging and the role of national libraries, such as the a National Library of Canada and the Bibliothèque Nationale in France, in cataloging a variety of languages. We are moving from a circular steering wheel to a high-end joystick that senses our intended moves before we make them.
They are the first to note user behavior in information gathering, and they need to share this information with the catalogers. His interests are in technology, evolving metadata standards, and project management issues. While institutions like the Library of Congress will be key contributors to the community, we can be a richer, more robust community with fuller participation by more players. Each chapter is authored or coauthored by a leader in cataloging, metadata practice, or education in these specialties. Staff need to have trust in the service, or they will want to check everything the vendor does, and essentially you will end up paying for the work twice. Customization should always be rigorously evaluated not only because it is labor intensive but also because as your data deviate from national records, loss of interoperability and migration headaches could await down the line. This chapter will describe the ways in which the University of New Mexico Libraries organized these events and groups, which methods met with the best success and participation, and advice on how to apply these suggestions in other libraries.
These roles are intertwined with each other: research into new standards and practices lead to development of new processes and education of library faculty and staff, in turn begetting new research. Library Association, Media Cataloguing Rules Committee. He is the recipient of the 2007 Esther J. Collection development also has a vested interest in the loading schedules for these records, as it is important to make the records available to the users as soon as they are paid for. Departments may also exhibit different internal cultures, some being more hierarchical and others more equal. Seek out available training opportunities for your cataloging staff.
A unit that works in isolation can quickly become irrelevant and useless, while a unit that collaborates becomes vital. The Hague: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, 2009a. Such tasks can easily overwhelm any traditional cataloging tasks with which the metadata librarian is charged. After a discussion with the library assistant to assess their previous knowledge, it was decided that they would attend the final two sessions of the graduate trainee cataloging course in order to gain specific skills knowledge, such as cataloging art materials and learning local Courtauld cataloging policies. While these clouds can be very useful, they can also cause confusion to the searcher. I would also like to thank my University of New Mexico colleagues who have supported me with their advice, time, and understanding—especially my supervisor, Frances Wilkinson; my mentor, Johann van Reenen; and my dean, Martha Bedard. Many of the elements that catalogers expect in a serial record remain the same, including main entry, title proper, place of publication, publisher, current frequency, numbering area, subject headings, most linking fields, and added entries.
Abstract Collaboration within libraries can be a challenge; with specific jobs and areas of expertise, it is easy to focus only inward. The manager should make it a priority to give catalogers opportunities to improve their communication skills so that they can meet with better success when working with colleagues outside the department. Although collection development librarians must engage in direct public contact and outreach activities, it is often considered to be a technical service as well and may be closely coupled with the acquisitions department. Although special collections departments generally provide materials for digital library grant projects, these projects are an excellent opportunity for the cataloging department to collaborate with the special collections department and other units involved in a project and demonstrate added value to the library. Graduate trainees perform a mixture of library assistant tasks coupled with a strong training ethos and are often given many opportunities for library visits and other forms of professional development.
Effective on the job training. Was there possibly a better way? Often, such projects spring up in the libraries in departments other than cataloging, and catalogers are not involved, at least not early in the planning process. There are several advantages and disadvantages to handling digital materials in a traditional manner. North East London Polytechnic Library Occasional Paper, no. Practicalities such as the timing and location of training sessions are then considered. To adapt to this change, cataloging departments are adjusting their work flows and procedures.
By better understanding how public services librarians are using the catalog, you can better evaluate which customizations are truly needed. According to the metaphor, the structure of a metadata record is similar to an empty bottle. Make sure it is worth it. Practical Strategies for Cataloging Departments Recent Titles in Libraries Unlimited Third Millennium Cataloging Series Susan Lazinger and Sheila Intner, Series Editors Using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting Timothy W. For instance, consider a lecture-style method for the history and purpose of cataloging and a demonstration method for inputting diacritics into the cataloging module of the library management system.
Both systems librarians and catalogers need to have a thorough understanding of these options and limitations. The notion of maximizing the value of catalog records and cutting costs by sharing the products of our labor is not new. Catalog records in Spanish, in particular, are increasingly available Alpert 2006, 95. This article describes how to build an online collection of Slavic and East European electronic resources by taking advantage of what is already available on the Web. We hope this volume can help you get started making your contribution to making that potential a reality.