World War I had a major impact on the development of social security, both during the war and after, through the exigencies of the war economy, inflation and unemployment. Lutz Leisering, the Editor, is Professor for Social Policy and Director at the Institute for World Society studies, University of Bielefeld. The transitional, thus uncertain, age of neoliberal globalisation when, again, culture, politics and economics intermingled and combined in dismantling several institutions, including the welfare system of capital redistribution. Studien zur Sozialpolitik fügen dieser Auffassung eine ähnlich starke These hinzu: Die Sozialpolitik scheint das Flaggschiff der Lehre vom Demokratievorteil zu sein. La Propuesta Socialdemócrata para un Estado social. Er hatte sich zwar noch am Ende der 1860er Jahre in Preußen vergeblich für den Ausbau der Fabrikinspektion eingesetzt, 60 blokkierte aber — auch aufgrund eigener Erfahrungen mit dem Fabrikinspektor Hertel in Pommern — seit dem Ende der 1870er Jahre eine Ausweitung des Arbeiterschutzes und die Bildung eines größeren Korps von Fabrikinspektoren mit weitgehenden Kontrollrechten.
It presents original conclusions about the differences between British and German approaches. The volumes also yield insights into general theoretical issues of social policy beyond the empirical case of Germany. Balancing Subnational Flexibility and National Unity: Decentralization in Spain and the United Kingdom with Milena Büchs 5. The New Governance of Welfare States in the United States and Europe concentrates on an often overlooked dimension: territorial and governance transformations. It analyzes interactions between middle-class French social workers and their working-class foreign clients to demonstrate that the politics of populationism pervasive in interwar France mitigated those class, cultural, and racial barriers that so often beset interactions between welfare agents and their clients in Europe and the United States. Indeed, the history of welfare institutions provides rich examples of these world-building moments— moments that often cut against the statist and authoritarian intentions of the original architects of such institutions. An der allgemeinen Akzeptanz der Invalidenversicherung änderten auch verschiedene Härten sowie regulierende Eingriffe des Reichsversicherungsamts nach 1900 nichts.
World War I had a major impact on the development of social security, both during the war and after, through the exigencies of the war economy, inflation and unemployment. Industrial society at the beginning of the twenty-first century also knows this diversity, and it grounds its functions more or less consciously in these early efforts. Die Demokratie, so heißt es dort, fördere Wohlstand und Frieden wie keine andere Staatsverfassung. . Retaining and restoring employability and work capacity of the employees is a major goal in the German social security system and an important means to reduce social costs. Children, the weak and sick, the poor and the elderly have always depended on solidaristic support from the immediate or extended family as well as their neighbors.
It analyzes the changing cultural frameworks through which the poor came to be considered as needy; the institutions, strategies, and practices devised to assist, integrate, and discipline these populations; and the political alchemy through which the needs of the individual were reconciled with those of the community. Die Invalidenversicherung wies jedoch ein attraktives Regelungs- und Leistungsprofil auf. While social citizenship has become more inclusive, we also discuss new exclusions and stratifications that go along with social security-based citizenship. The state and local government were in debt and a rising inflation, which would destroy savings, seemed only a matter of time. He has published widely on European and global social policy.
The Origins of the Authoritarian Welfare State in Prussia is of interest to scholars and students of German history as well as to students of governmental social policy and of the workings of a welfare state. In: Abelshauser W ed Die Weimarer Republik als Wohlfahrtsstaat. He demonstrates that national insurance has played a larger role in Germany than in Britain from the beginning, as it still does today, and that decisions taken before 1914 are crucial to the long-term differences between the welfare state in the two countries. Este análisis permite concluir que el tipo de constitucionalismo social en el que innovó la Asamblea Nacional de Weimar merece ser reinterpretado a partir de la idea de democracia económica, que subyace a las disposiciones principales de la sección económica de la Constitución y que proviene del pensamiento de Sinzheimer sobre el derecho laboral. Ihnen zufolge passt nur eine speziellere Gruppe von Demokratien, diejenige der intakten Volksherrschaft, zur Lehre des Demokratievorteils.
On the contrary, I show that the strength of pronatalist sentiment allowed for the formation of cross-class, cross-national alliances between French welfare agents and their foreign female charges, even during the depressed 1930s. Basic findings include different degrees and variants of hybridity at the meso-level of local welfare arrangements as well as at the micro-level of the organizations in the field. This article thus reveals how the world of welfare functioned as a site of inclusion for immigrants in France and suggests how further research can complicate our understanding of gendered dynamics of social inclusion and exclusion. Der Demokratie-Autokratie-Vergleich wird in diesem Beitrag anhand neuer Daten zur sozialpolitischen Staatstätigkeit und zur Governance-Qualität weitergeführt. Whereas local governments integrate services into their multipurpose portfolio, the social insurances are run by single-purpose bodies with a considerable degree of autonomy from the federal bureaucracy. This book traces the origins of the German welfare state. Eine Ausnahme bildete der Osten, wo eine erheblich strengere Prüfung der Rentenanträge in Verbindung mit einem schroffen Auftreten der Behörden vor allem gegenüber Angehörigen der slawischen Minoritäten eine nachhaltige Verstimmung der Versicherten bewirkte.
Households in poverty are a test case. Based on archival research and film analysis, the article argues that the screening in Berlin informs an understanding of an asymmetrical power relationship between occupiers and occupied, in which the promotion of the Danish social model countered the hegemony of the dominant Nazi state. Each volume has an introduction by the editor who summarizes the contribution made by the volumes and looks into the future of German social policy. However, there is a growing number of living arrangements involving single adults living on their own probably historically unprecedented in this form without clear group membership, though their existence depends, of course, on the functioning of many public institutions. This book traces the origins of the German welfare state. Das war vor allem eine Konsequenz der Haltung Bismarcks.
A partir, entonces, de un análisis de las transcripciones de los debates de la Asamblea Nacional de Weimar y en particular de la comisión constitucional, se busca reinterpretar el alcance de las disposiciones diseñadas a la luz del aporte del diputado socialdemócrata Hugo Sinzheimer a la Asamblea. In der Entwicklung der konkreten Sozialpolitik ist Deutschland auf dem Gebiet des Arbeiterschutzes — der Gesetzgebung gegen überlange Arbeitszeiten, des Verbotes bzw. Employing detailed case studies and more than seventy-five interviews, Mariely López-Santana captures how a variety of postindustrial countries across both sides of the Atlantic have transformed the postwar organization of their labor market policy settings through decentralization, centralization, and delegation reforms. The Intergovernmental and Governance Reconfigurations of Active Welfare States: Summary and Implications Notes References Index The notion of citizenship has universalistic claims, but in practice citizenship goes along with exclusions. In: Steindl H ed Wege zur Arbeitsrechtsgeschichte. Favoring Subnational Flexibility over Standardization: Extensive Decentralization in Italy and the United States 4.
Not only did it bridge the conventional separation of private law and public law, but is also massively restricted legal protections. In each case policies in Britain and in the German Empire are compared for their actual provisions, their consequences and the politics that produced them. After unification Prussia accounted for roughly two-thirds of the empire's size and population, but its weight within Germany was even greater because Prussia in large part molded the German identity and shaped Germany's image abroad. Der herrschenden Meinung in den westlichen Ländern zufolge ist die Demokratie die beste aller Staatsformen. The economic and social situation was desperate after the war.
This article compares the effects of the introduction of quasimarket principles in two subfields with very different governance architectures: youth welfare and old-age care. These changes have in turn changed the role of national and subnational levels of government, as well as nongovernmental actors, in the organization, management, and provision of labor market policies and services. In the wake of the Communist Manifesto 1848 , the proletarians intensified their efforts to organize and transform the social order, whether via revolution or the progressive triumph of universal suffrage and other reforms. The volumes expound the contribution of the German tradition to the rise of social policy in the Western world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Responsibility: Michael Stolleis ; translated from the German by Thomas Dunlap. At the same time, it is reinforced by the international embeddedness in a community of states whose economically developed and liberal-democratic members feel committed to the ideal of the welfare state Ritter 1991; Schmid 1996, 1998 , and who have also carried this ideal into the international community of states itself through shared institutions and norms Köhler 1988; Schuler 1988. Flexibility Within Centralization: The German Case with Milena Büchs 6.