Most importantly, it looks to archives as condensed sites of epistemological and political anxiety rather than as skewed and biased sources. If pass laws for natives were rescinded in 1914, and race rascriterium was abolished as a legal criterium in 1918, many of those who lived in the Indies in the 1930s would not have noticed. Along the Archival Grain is a call to arms from one of the most forceful practitioners of our discipline. For Heer Weijhenke and his commission colleagues, initiation of an investigation by way of survey and statistic was not how they interpreted their task—nor did the Governor-General give them time to do so. Wedged within these documents is epistemic, ethical, and political unease, the unsure movements of persons who could be ousted from their jobs for knowing too little — or too much. It does so in relation to population-level interventions aimed at improving reproduction in the New Hebrides.
On the social etymology of paupers, see Gouda, 35—39. Since the Minister of Colonies archives were only open to the public in 1918, at the tail end of the period discussed in these chapters, the question of secret was never about public access. Stylistically there is overlap, as well. Lynn Hunt, The Family Romance of the French Revolution Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. In 1961, English historian E.
To whom was this contempt for the ersatz attached? Against the sober formulaics of officialese, these archives register the febrile movements of persons off balance—of thoughts and feelings in and out of place. Elites were not homogenous landowners but worked in commercial and industrial ventures. By administrative design, these gathered documents constituted the evidentiary packages for decisions to be made. Nowhere was this juxtaposition of the commonplace and the unusual more striking than over the question of European beggars. If Dutch historians of colonial Indonesia can assume common knowledge about how the principal collection of stategenerated documents about the Netherlands Indies at the Algemeen Rijksarchief are organized, foreign scholars cannot do the same. Physiological limitations were less important than what certain kinds of labor meant for the distinctions of race and the development of moral character.
Resident van Deventer to Director of Education, 31 October 1868. By 1883 state authorities had come to four conclusions: l the Indies badly needed technicians, whoever it ending up training for those jobs; 2 education of the Inlandsche kinderen should be limited to practical know-how, as they had no need for more and anyway the costs were too high; 3 European students should not be turned into common workers but into persons suitable as managers, supervising the work of others; and 4 the practically trained Indo and European youths should be provided with the opportunity to enter low-ranking government positions for which exams were not required. Based on the premise that health care providers and institutions have a professional obligation to help bereaved families, this booklet focuses on the role of health care professionals in lessening distress, helping prevent pathological outcomes, and assisting the bereaved toward a satisfactory outcome. This combination of elegance, energy, and perspicuity has long been a hallmark of Stoler's scholarship, but in this book, Stoler's aim is particularly true. The paper begins by raising as background the relationship between thought, language and experience, and ways in which this defies straightforward representation in clinical case histories. Fukuyama complicates it further: now onwards, the renewal of history would occur in the realm of the struggles for recognition; it would mainly be driven by megalothymia the desires for privileged and distinguished recognition rather than by isothymia the desires for equal recognition.
This paper aims to render that dimension explicit by focusing on examples of crime-focused law and colonial rule at the Cape of Good Hope circa 1795. Ann Laura Stoler provides a model of the new historiography rich in the historical, anthropological, and psychoanalytical insights demanded by the newly theorized subjects of history. Journalists and literati were active during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and they boldly critiqued the autocratic nature of the colonial administration, as well. Plans to school the young for state loyalty and limited aspirations underscored their lack of both. Also referring to the gender-based dynamics, therefore, in our opinion that of the social generation seemed to be a perspective worth to be explored, in order to carry out analyses that can take into account the structural frame and, at the same time, the dialogical and subjective dimensions which produce or hinder change in gender order. Whether certain sentiments were politically dangerous because they were local or because they were smuggled in on the last mail boat via Paris newspapers and by word of mouth, they really did not know.
The passions that haunt are of more than passing interest: they have done much to shape our contemporary world. State secrets excite expectations, not least among students of empire. Geheim marked rather the care taken to limit circulation of such documents within the colonial administration itself and, as I note in chapter 2, many matters were not secret at all. My concern is with the conditions of epistemic choice and chance, of inculcation and innovation. Stoler ends with a riveting account of plantation murders, where authorities can't agree on whom to blame. As I contend in this article, neoliberal, globalizing policies have significant cultural repercussions. Stoler takes the lessons of colonial discourse analysis first opened by Edward Said to new heights.
What are barely addressed are those habits of the heart and the redirection of sentiments that were fostered by colonial regimes themselves. My discussion does not go beyond the early twentieth century. Easily the most ubiquitous cultural phenomenon in late capitalist society and, arguably, the master-narrative for all texts produced by a culture industry that increasingly conceives of itself first and foremost as a marketing device , advertising expresses and influences our spatial consciousness and imagination in a variety of ways. Relations of family and friends among the richest sugar barons and highest-placed administrators show through in moments of crisis, in requests for exceptional treatment, on vacations, and in the deadening calm of forced retirement. Because of their limited mental capacities, they seldom get further than subordinate positions such as clerks, overseers, etc. For some the Inlandsche kinderen were inadequate workers because they were native in temperament and body. History emerges in an unintended shape as a result of practices directed to immediate, practical ends.
You can change your cookie settings at any time. What is the difference between such an establishment and a penal colony? They are records of uncertainty and doubt in how people imagined they could and might make the rubrics of rule correspond to a changing imperial world. For the twentieth century, see William J. What should be done with these materials? In facing up to this reality, Ann Stoler has provided us with a new way of conceptualizing what students of the colonial can and should do. Others sought to provide limited practical training but not the analytic knowledge and advanced education that proper industrial schools would allow.